Enforcement Task Force
STM publishers started the Enforcement Task Force ('ETF') as an informal group in 2004. The ETF was established in 2007 as a self-funding committee of the STM Copyright and Legal Affairs Committee to support it in selected cases of copyright enforcement.
The ETF was created in response to the need amongst STM members for joint and coordinated enforcement activities against massive infringement of copyright in journals and books. Its work started with unauthorised document delivery services, and expanded to cases of massive infringement by online platforms.
ETF has focused on novel forms of infringement and expanded its purview to serve as an early warning for cases of international fraud and infringement of other forms of intellectual property relating to STM Members’ journals and books.
Over time, ETF’s activity has, in addition to litigation, extended to advocacy of copyright compliance and promoting authorised re-uses of STM material by negotiation in response to specific practices where copyright infringement occurs.
Joint action has proven to be useful to face the growing threat of the unauthorised worldwide and cross-border supply of STM content, whilst at the same time constructively addressing the political aspects of these enforcement activities.
The CAP Project, initiated in 2017 as a service to monitor referrals of copyright cases in EU Member States to the CJEU, is managed and funded by ETF. CAP analyses these cases for their relevance to STM publishing and setting precedents in European copyright law, in case intervention is needed.
The ETF is funded by STM and its publisher members under a triennial budget approved by the STM Board. The current ETF budget is for the 2017-18-19 triennial.
- Rights and contract management are core to STM members' business and the industry.
- An industry-led response to new forms of piracy and sensitive or complex copyright cases.
- Both litigation and negotiation of necessary authorisations as tools for ensuring copyright compliant re-uses of STM materials.
Protecting rights and identifying risks benefit the entire scientific and academic publishing industry:
- establishes level playing field for supply of content, for instance by clarifying the scope of rights in relation to digital content. - improves copyright compliance among customers - earns respect for laws by intermediaries and platforms - adds credibility with legislators
- Identify and evaluate piracy risks, especially online and cross-border infringements
- Sharing information on new developments and acting as a knowledge bank for older cases.
- “Triage” in selecting cases for further action: investigation, first-stage evidence collection.
- Consensus-based decisions on further action, whether forestalling infringing conduct by licensing solutions in appropriate cases, or enforcement action, or initiating case-specific enforcement projects with broader participation beyond ETF members.
The ETF meets on a regular basis to discuss the overall program, investigation results, and strategies and tactics with respect to infringement actions, negotiations and discussions. Its current members are:
- Guido Herrmann, John Wiley & Sons (Chair)
- Joe Appel, Massachusetts Medical Society
- Tracey Armstrong, Copyright Clearance Center
- Juliet Binns, Cambridge University Press
- Duncan Campbell, John Wiley & Sons
- Leslie Caruso, Wolters Kluwer Health
- Paul Doda, Elsevier
- Sari Frances, Elsevier
- Sarah Fricker, IOP Publishing
- Douglas Gischlar, IEEE
- Fred Haber, Copyright Clearance Center
- Roy Kaufman, Copyright Clearance Center
- Susann Lofaso, AIP Publishing
- Cornelia Manschadi, George Thieme Verlag
- Jack Ochs, American Chemical Society
- Frank Pepe, IEEE
- Michelle Sanches, Informa
- Eric Slater, American Chemical Society
- Matthew Stratton, Elsevier
- Mark Taylor, Springer Nature
- Carlo Scollo Lavizzari, Lenz Caemmerer
- Mathilde Renou, Lenz Caemmerer